What’s the difficulty with a $1,400 stimulus check? We’ll let you know why some assume it is too excessive.

Angela Lang/CNET

A bunch of 10 Republican Senators brought about a stir on Sunday by presenting a imaginative and prescient of America’s next stimulus invoice (PDF) that is available in at roughly $600 billion, 32% of President Joe Biden’s $1.9 trillion stimulus plan. Critically, it could additionally embrace a “targeted” third stimulus check that might exit to far fewer folks, by altering three issues, together with dropping the utmost per-person quantity from Biden’s proposed $1,400 to $1,000 — that is simply the beginning.

Biden will meet with the group on Monday night to debate the Republican group’s $600 billion framework, however backlash in opposition to the restrained GOP counterproposal (PDF) has been swift. In a Monday press convention, White House Press Secretary Jen Psaki stated the president’s view is that the dimensions and scope of the bundle needs to be “commensurate with the crises we’re facing,” and Biden known as on Congress in a Monday tweet to cross his invoice swiftly. Still, a few of Biden’s aides have reportedly questioned the breadth of his stimulus bundle. And Biden himself has stated he is open to negotiating the “moving target” of the stimulus check particulars.

Biden’s preliminary plan for the next stimulus check, then again, units a $1,400 most payment per particular person and would enable tens of millions to both qualify for the primary time or get more cash per family. Any change, large or small, might have an infinite impression on how many individuals would in the end obtain a payment. We’ll clarify what the objection is to a $1,400 stimulus check, and the way it might probably change into extra focused. We’ll proceed to replace this story with new data.

4 methods the $600 billion GOP proposal might remake the next stimulus check

Here’s the short snapshot. Below, we’ll go over precisely why lawmakers would need to goal the next check, and the way every change would work by itself.

  • Supply a $1,000 stimulus check most as an alternative of $1,400.
  • Lower the utmost qualifying earnings restrict to $50,000 for single folks and $100,000 per married couple.
  • Change the stimulus check components to cut back the quantity of people that would get a partial payment.
  • $500 for eligible dependents of any age.

Making a extra “targeted” stimulus check will put further cash out of attain for some — and that is the purpose.

Sarah Tew/CNET

Why some folks need to ‘goal’ the next stimulus payment

The argument right here is {that a} $1,400-per-person most would ship tens of millions of stimulus checks to people who find themselves thought-about excessive earners — along with sending the complete $1,400 higher restrict to many tens of tens of millions of people that match into the candy spot that Congress desires to produce with stimulus cash. For the sake of simplicity, that is outlined as single taxpayers with an adjusted gross earnings of $75,000 per 12 months or much less (and their equal for heads of family and married {couples}).

The motive {that a} $1,400 restrict might ship checks to individuals who make “too much money” comes all the way down to the manner that stimulus checks have been calculated to this point. The components was written into the respective stimulus payments in a manner that gives a partial payment to individuals who make greater than the $75,000 per 12 months threshold, as much as a sure restrict. 

Looking at the components for the $1,200, $600 and proposed $1,400 checks, it is instantly clear how elevating or decreasing the per-person most — e.g. $1,400 versus $600 — can change the overall variety of folks over the $75,000 earnings restrict who could possibly be eligible for a payment.

For instance, utilizing our $1,400 stimulus calculator, a single taxpayer with an AGI beneath $75,000 would obtain the complete $1,400 check. At $85,000, this particular person might obtain $1,150; at $90,000 a 12 months, they may get $650; and in the event that they make $102,900, the Treasury would ship a stimulus check for $5.

In distinction, a $600 stimulus most allots a single taxpayer with an AGI of $80,000 a stimulus check for $350. The similar one that makes $86,900 a 12 months would get solely a $5 check.

The result’s that, with Biden’s present components, extra individuals are eligible general to obtain a stimulus check of some quantity, even when it is a comparatively small payment. Dependents and spouses add one other layer — here is extra data, together with a useful comparability chart.


When it involves divvying up stimulus check cash, there’s a couple of choice.

Sarah Tew/CNET

A $1,000 vs. $1,400 check is one solution to restrict who will get a payment

The $600 billion GOP proposal would provide a $1,000 stimulus check as an alternative of Biden’s $1,400. Even if no different modifications had been made to the components or to the earnings restrict, decreasing the quantity would robotically disqualify extra folks merely due to the way in which the maths works out.

For instance, the drop from the primary $1,200 stimulus payment to the $600 second stimulus check immediately disqualified folks who had in any other case certified for the primary stimulus check. Simply utilizing a $600 base as an alternative of $1,200 diminished the cutoff level for receiving a partial payment. 

Said one other manner, the smaller the per-person most, the earlier individuals who made greater than $75,000 a 12 months hit the restrict for receiving any cash.

With the primary check, a single taxpayer — keep in mind, no partner or children — might get some quantity of stimulus cash in the event that they made beneath $99,000. With the second check, that vanishing level dropped to $87,000. The solely distinction in that a part of the equation was the utmost per-person payment. (Separately, baby dependents counted for $600 within the second check as an alternative of $500.)

As one other illustration of the results of the bottom payment, the primary stimulus check went out to round 160 million folks, whereas the second payment reached an estimated 147 million households, regardless of extra teams of individuals qualifying for the second check. Likewise, a $1,000 payment would attain fewer folks than a $1,400 stimulus check even when that had been the only change to Biden’s proposal.


Changing any a part of the components would restrict the variety of folks to obtain a stimulus check.

Sarah Tew/CNET

The GOP invoice might lower the higher restrict to $50,000 for a partial check

The GOP proposal would search to exclude single taxpayers who make greater than $50,000 per particular person and {couples} making $100,000 from receiving a stimulus check. People with an AGI beneath $40,000 and households incomes beneath $80,000 would obtain the complete quantity. 

It is not clear what the imaginative and prescient can be for heads of family, however dependents of any age would rely towards the $500. The concept is clearly to intention for a smaller demographic by earnings.

Fewer folks would obtain the complete payment quantity

The $600 billion Republican proposal would make fewer folks eligible to obtain the complete stimulus check most. While the invoice suggests a $1,000 per-person restrict, we will clarify what occurs if this had been the one factor to vary in Biden’s present proposal. 

In that case, say you may have a $1,400 check, and individuals who make beneath $40,000 are the one ones who would obtain the complete quantity. Everyone with an AGI over that quantity would obtain a partial payment — which might additionally peter out faster for folks with comparatively increased incomes. That calculation would hold the best earners from receiving a stimulus check for any amount.


Some folks could need to kiss a 3rd stimulus check goodbye.

Sarah Tew/CNET

What occurs if you happen to change the stimulus check calculation?

Changing the maths within the stimulus check components used for the primary two checks can be one solution to restrict the quantity of people that obtain a check, and a way that the GOP pitch presents along with different measures. Let’s simply have a look at this one by itself — for the sake of argument, let’s assume that the ultimate invoice would hold the $1,400 most as an alternative of $1,000, and the earnings threshold at $75,000. 

Adjusting the a part of the components that controls partial funds might lead to individuals who make over $75,000 per 12 months hitting the vanishing level to get some quantity of stimulus cash, even with a $1,400 most payment, leading to fewer checks going out general.

For instance, with the present components, a $1,400 check would give an individual with an AGI of $80,000 a 12 months a $1,150 stimulus check. The GOP invoice suggests an adjustment to the components that would cut back your share by 10% as an alternative of 5% for every $1,000 in earnings. 

Therefore, the extra you earn, the much less cash you might obtain, at a better price than the present components. That would successfully imply that people who find themselves comparatively excessive earners would get a a lot smaller check or none in any respect.

What we learn about new qualifying teams

In addition to supporting bigger stimulus checks, Biden additionally desires to incorporate two beforehand excluded teams: dependents of any age (not simply kids beneath 17) and all households with mixed-status citizenship. Combined, that might probably prolong stimulus funds to nearly 20 million individuals who beforehand may not have been counted towards the household complete. The $600 billion GOP proposal would allot $500 to dependents of any age.

If handed, the result would more than likely be a bigger stimulus check for households that beforehand certified (within the case of 17-year-olds and older grownup dependents), and a few mixed-status households qualifying for a brand new check for the primary time. In all circumstances, households must meet all different eligibility necessities — like an earnings restrict — to obtain a future stimulus check.

Until negotiations start in earnest, we’ll need to see how the stimulus invoice and third stimulus check develop. For extra data, here is the present timeline for a 3rd stimulus check and here is what to learn about stimulus check {qualifications}. Here’s what to do if you are lacking all or a part of your stimulus check.

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