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Temporary camp on Lesbos, 14 Sep 20

image copyrightReuters

image captionMany migrants remain reluctant to enter this new camp

Greek police have arrested five migrants over the fire on Lesbos which destroyed an overcrowded migrant camp last week, a Greek minister says.

The five are young foreign nationals and a sixth is being sought, Citizen Protection Minister Michalis Chrisohoidis said.

About 800 of more than 12,000 migrants and refugees who fled the Moria inferno last week have moved to a new camp.

But the vast majority are still sleeping rough.

The Greek authorities say 21 people at the new camp tested positive for coronavirus.

They are now isolated from other migrants at the temporary Kara Tepe camp, on a former military firing range near the devastated Moria site. It is also near the island’s main town Mytilene.

The Greek government has accused migrants of starting the blaze at Moria a week ago, because they were angered by isolation measures imposed to curb the coronavirus outbreak. Migrants have disputed that, blaming hostile locals for the blaze.

Meanwhile off Crete, Greek rescuers saved 56 migrants from a capsized boat but two children and a woman drowned.

Their bodies were recovered 12 nautical miles (14 miles) off Crete’s eastern coast and it is not yet clear if there were more victims.

The Greek coastguard service said four vessels and two helicopters took part in the search late on Monday, amid strong wind.

media captionThe BBC’s Jean Mackenzie spent time speaking to people at the camp just six months ago and reflects on her experiences there

Sleeping rough

Greece plans to build a permanent reception centre for migrants and refugees on Lesbos, to replace Moria.

The UN refugee agency UNHCR is equipping the temporary Kara Tepe camp. So far the conditions are reported to be very basic, with migrants lacking mattresses and showers.

Migration Minister Notis Mitarakis, quoted by the Greek daily Ekathimerini, said the temporary camp would be able to house all those left without shelter after the Moria fire.

media captionThousands of migrants and refugees are demanding more permanent housing elsewhere

Most of those who fled have spent six nights sleeping rough, many on a road to Mytilene which is blocked by police, to prevent them reaching the port.

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Greek officials say the migrants are mostly reluctant to enter the temporary camp, as they really want to leave Lesbos, after the squalor of Moria.

People from 70 countries had been sheltered there, most from Afghanistan.

Greece says that in most cases migrants can only leave Lesbos once their asylum applications have been processed.

Germany plans to house nearly 2,000

On Friday, Germany announced that 10 European countries had agreed to take 400 unaccompanied minors who had been living in Moria.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Interior Minister Horst Seehofer have agreed that Germany will take in 1,500 migrants, in addition to 100-150 of the unaccompanied minors. Those children were flown to mainland Greece after the fire.

The 1,500 are expected to be mainly women and children. But the agreement has not been finalised yet with Mrs Merkel’s coalition partners – the Social Democrats (SPD). The Greek government wants to keep the 12,000 plus migrants from Moria in the new camp at present.

Besides Germany, no other EU country has offered to take in hundreds of the Moria migrants.

Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis said that it was “time for Europe’s support to pass from words into actions, to be expressed in tangible solidarity”. He was speaking on Tuesday after meeting EU Council President Charles Michel in Athens.

The Moria camp was initially designed to house 3,000 migrants and refugees. However, at the time it was destroyed more than 12,000 were housed there.

Fires broke out in more than three places at the camp overnight last Tuesday, according to local fire chief Konstantinos Theofilopoulos. Further fires left it almost completely destroyed.

Since the 2015 migrant crisis the numbers arriving on Greek islands near Turkey have fallen considerably, but Greek camps remain overcrowded, as are those in Italy.

Greece and Italy have accused wealthier northern nations in the EU of failing to share the burden, as irregular migrants – including refugees from war zones – continue to seek a new life in Europe.

Central and eastern European members of the EU reject the idea of taking in a quota of migrants, and at the end of this month the EU Commission is expected to present a new plan for tackling the migration crisis.

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