Iran election: Hardliner Raisi will become president
media captionWariness and welcome for Iran’s president-elect

Hardliner Ebrahim Raisi has gained Iran’s presidential election in a race that was broadly seen as being designed to favour him.

He thanked Iranians for his or her help, after securing 62% of the votes.

Mr Raisi is Iran’s prime choose and holds ultra-conservative views. He is below US sanctions and has been linked to previous executions of political prisoners.

Iran’s president is the second-highest rating official within the nation, after the supreme chief.

Mr Raisi will be inaugurated in early August, and will have vital affect over home coverage and international affairs. But in Iran’s political system it’s the nation’s supreme chief, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, the highest spiritual cleric, who has the ultimate say on all state issues.

Iran is run based on conservative Shia Islamic values, and there have been curbs on political freedoms since its Islamic Revolution in 1979.

Many Iranians noticed this newest election as having been engineered for Mr Raisi to win, and shunned the ballot. Official figures confirmed voter turnout was the bottom ever for a presidential election, at 48.8%, in comparison with greater than 70% for the earlier vote in 2017.

Who is Ebrahim Raisi?

The 60-year-old cleric has served as a prosecutor for many of his profession. From an early age, Mr Raisi held highly effective and high-ranking positions – when he was simply 20 years outdated, he was already serving because the chief prosecutor of the town of Karaj.

He was appointed head of the judiciary in 2019, two years after he misplaced by a landslide to Hassan Rouhani within the final presidential election.

Mr Raisi has introduced himself as one of the best particular person to combat corruption and inequality, and remedy Iran’s financial issues. “Our people’s grievances over shortcomings are real,” he mentioned as he forged his vote in Tehran.

The man who wears a black turban figuring out him in Shia custom as a descendant of the Prophet Muhammad is fiercely loyal to Iran’s ruling clerics, and has even been seen as a attainable successor to Ayatollah Khamenei.

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picture captionTurnout was reportedly considerably down on the earlier election in 2017

But many Iranians and rights teams have pointed to Mr Raisi’s alleged position within the mass executions of political prisoners in 1988, when he was 27 years outdated.

He is alleged to have been a part of a so-called “death committee” – considered one of 4 judges who oversaw secret dying sentences for about 5,000 prisoners in jails close to Tehran, based on Amnesty International. It says the situation of the mass graves the place the women and men had been buried is being “systematically concealed by the Iranian authorities”.

“That Ebrahim Raisi has risen to the presidency instead of being investigated for the crimes against humanity of murder, enforced disappearance and torture, is a grim reminder that impunity reigns supreme in Iran,” mentioned Amnesty chief Agnès Callamard.

Mr Raisi has repeatedly denied his position within the dying sentences. But he has additionally mentioned they had been justified due to a fatwa, or spiritual ruling, by former supreme chief Ayatollah Khomeini.

Amnesty additionally says that as head of the judiciary Mr Raisi oversaw impunity for officers and safety forces accused of killing protesters throughout unrest in 2019.

What does his win imply for Iran and the world?

Mr Raisi has promised to ease unemployment and work to take away US sanctions which have contributed to financial hardship for extraordinary Iranians and induced widespread discontent.

BBC Persian correspondent Kasra Naji provides that below Mr Raisi, Iran’s hardliners will search to bolster a puritanical system of Islamic authorities, probably which means extra controls on social actions, fewer freedoms and jobs for ladies, and tighter management of social media and the press.

The hardliners are suspicious of the West, however each Mr Raisi and Supreme Leader Khamenei favour a return to a global deal on Iran’s nuclear exercise.

The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, signed in 2015, gave Iran reduction from Western sanctions in return for limiting its nuclear actions.

The US pulled out of the deal in 2018, and President Trump’s administration re-imposed crippling limits on Iran’s skill to commerce. Mr Raisi was among the many officers put below sanctions.

Iran has responded by re-starting nuclear operations that had been banned below the deal.

Talks aimed toward resurrecting the deal are ongoing in Vienna, with President Joe Biden additionally eager to revive it. But either side say the opposite should make the primary transfer.

Iran will be a extra closed society

Analysis by Kasra Naji, BBC Persian

The election was engineered to pave the way in which for Mr Raisi to win. This has alienated variety of Iranians already deeply discontented with their residing situations in an economic system that’s crippled by US sanctions but additionally mismanagement.

The results of the election will not assist with their considerations and will even result in extra instability at dwelling. In the previous few years Iran has witnessed at the very least two rounds of great nationwide protests – with a whole bunch, some say hundreds, killed.

With Mr Raisi taking the presidency the hardliners will have taken all of the centres of energy: the manager department in addition to the legislative and the judiciary. Iran will be a extra closed society. Freedoms will probably be curtailed much more than earlier than.

The regime will look to China to assist the economic system out of deep disaster. There will be extra rigidity with the West. Indirect talks between Iran and the US in Vienna over reviving the nuclear deal could face extra uncertainty. There are already experiences that the talks will now break up for a number of weeks, permitting all sides to take inventory of the brand new actuality in Iran.

Was the election free?

Almost 600 hopefuls, together with 40 girls, registered to be candidates within the election.

But ultimately solely seven males had been authorised final month by the 12 jurists and theologians on the Guardian Council, an unelected physique that has the final word choice with regard to candidates’ {qualifications}. Three of these candidates subsequently pulled out earlier than polling day.

Before he withdrew, reformist candidate Mohsen Mehralizadeh hinted that the vote could be a foregone conclusion, saying throughout a candidates’ TV debate that the ruling clerics had aligned “sun, moon and the heavens to make one particular person the president,” based on The Economist.

Meanwhile former President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, a kind of barred from operating, mentioned in a video message that he wouldn’t vote, declaring: “I do not want to have a part in this sin.”

media captionIran elections: To vote or to not vote?

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